Historical information

Sooo.…. Athenian Residences is located in Athens at Psirri neighborhood at 4 Ogigou street.


Let’s learn who Ogyges / Ogygos / Ogygus was. The king-cataclysm (yeah you heard right’ cataclysm and king), whose name our street took. The cataclysm happened because the river Kifissos (which exists even today inside Athens) flooded and drowned Attica and Boeotia [Pausanias - Boeotian E '1 and H', Schol. Apollo. Γ’1177 etc.]. Many astronomers say that this caused by changing the diameter of Aphrodite’s (Venus) disk or by another celestial body like a comet that it passed very close to Earth.


Ogygos or Ogygis was the native son of Poseidon and Alistra or Termera. He was, according to Greek Mythology, one of the primitive leaders in Ancient Greece, especially in Boeotia. According to another version, he was the first king of Attica.


The etymology and meaning of the name (from the adjective Ogygios) means, primordial, very ancient. The name Ogygis is said to come from a Semitic root and means Ocean or from Phoenician and means "the constituent circle" (again ocean that is) while Ogygia means oceanic, the text in the middle of the ocean. Some even call him Kadmon, to the chagrin of the Phoenicians who want him to come from the Phoenician Bridge, while in any case he was undoubtedly Greek.


Regarding his origin they vary, some sources consider him a native of Boeotia, he is mentioned as the son of Poseidon, Boeotia or even Kadmos. The historian Theophilos mentions that he was one of the Titans.


He was the husband of Thebes, daughter of Zeus, from whom Thebes took its name. His children were:

  • Eleusinus (founder according to one version of Eleusis/Elefsina)
  • Cadmus (according to another version he was his father)
  • Avlis
  • Alakamenia
  • The Dolphin
  • Praxidike


The first of the three floods of Greek mythology was called the Ogygian flood (4 in total: ‘Flood of Noah’ as mentioned in the Old Testament and The "Flood of Deucalion", the "Flood of Ogygos" and finally the "Flood of Dardanus").


It happened when Ogygis reigned in Boeotia. Researchers believe that it is due to a sudden overflow of Lake Kopaida in the area. Other sources make it clear that the practice was carried out in Attica. This view is also adopted by the African, who states that the flood occurred when the king of Argos was Foroneus (according to the historian Aquila).


Ogygis survived the flood, but most people did not make it. His name was later used to denote anything "old" before the first flood that occurred during his reign. The flood destroyed both Attica and Boeotia and the survivors are said to have moved to Egypt, whose first name was also "Ogygia", as in Attica and Boeotia. According to some myths, Ogygos or Ogygis, was the founder of the Egyptian Thebes while later, Kadmos in his honor named the gates of the Greek Thebes, Ogygia gate, and Thebes was named Ogygia.


After his death and due to the destruction caused, Attica was left without kings for 189 years until the time of Kekropas (or Kekrops the bifurcated).


From the name of Ogygis comes the place name Ogygia, a fantastic island mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey. The mythical island of Calypso. So we have 3 large areas with the same name (Egypt, Attica + Boeotia and the island of Calypso).


I hope that you found this article for the small and quiet Ogigou street really informative and I am waiting for you to explore around at the city centre and especially the neighborhood of Psirri. See you soon. Maria

Ready to plan your next vacation in Athens?